Cristobal Torriente

Cristobal Torriente

Cristobal Torriente a.k.a. Christobel (Carlos) Torriente

  • Bats:Left Throws: Left
  • Height 5' 9", Weight 190 lb.
  • Positions:cf, lf, rf, p, 3b, 1b
  • Teams: Cuban Stars (1913-1918), All Nations (1913, 1916-1917), Chicago American Giants (1918-1925), Kansas City Monarchs (1926), Detroit Stars (1927-1928), Gilkerson's Union Giants (1930), Atlanta Black Crackers (1932), Cleveland Cubs (1932)
  • Negro Leagues Debut Year:1913
  • Negro Leagues Final Year:1928
  • Born:November 16, 1893, Cienfuegos, Cuba
  • Died:April 11, 1938, New York, New York
  • Hall of Fame: 2006

Biographical Information

Cristobal Torriente is considered the greatest Cuban position player of the first half of the 20th Century and is arguably the greatest Cuban player ever. Not only was he a five-tool player, he also pitched on occasion and drew many walks. Due to his kinky hair, he played in the Negro Leagues despite being relatively light-skinned, where he spent a successful 12-year stint with the Cuban Stars. He also played for the Chicago American Giants, Kansas City Monarchs, and Detroit Stars. C.I. Taylor once said, "If I should see Torriente walking up the other side of the street, I would say 'There walks a ballclub.'"

A left-handed hitter and centerfielder, he was said to be an excellent defensive player. He also played right field, 2nd base, third base, and pitched. Statistics are limited for the first half of his career due to the lack of an organized Negro League at that point.

Torriente hit .337 in the 1912-13 Cuban Winter League, third-best, and went to the US that summer to play for the touring Cuban club. He hit .383, the best of any player among top western black teams (edging Hall-of-Famer Pete Hill by one point), he tied Pelayo Chacon for the lead with six doubles and homered three times, the most. He led the Cuban Winter League in batting that winter with a .387 clip.

He was second among black western teams in average in 1914, trailing only George Shively and was among the leaders in doubles (15, third-best) and homers (3, 4th-best). He was 4-3 on the mound. He hit .403 that winter, again third in the CWL, and led the Cuban winter league in steals, triples and homers (a whopping two in the deadball era). In 1915, the 21-year-old superstar hit .317 for the Cuban Stars, placing him third in the west and fifth with five doubles. He was again 4-3 on the hill. The next season, Cristobal topped .350 and was second to Pop Lloyd in the west. He was thirdf in steals (7) and tied Chacon for the doubles lead (9). He hit .500 for the Cuban club in 1917 but did not play enough to count among the top players in average.

In 1918, the outfielder hit .318 (fifth in the west) and went 2-2 on the mound. In '19, Torriente moved to the Chicago American Giants early in the year. He tied for thw estern lead with four doubles, hit around .280 and went 5-1. That winter, the Pittsburgh Pirates came to Cuba and Cristobal hit .310 against them. He batted only .273 as one of the weaker members of a Cuban team that beat an All-Star US team later that winter. He hit .296 in the 1919-20 Cuban winter season, also an off-time for him.

In 1920, Torriente returned to form by hitting .361 for Chicago, third in the new Negro National League and tying for fourth with six triples. Recent research posts even more impressive numbers - a .432/~.483/.661 batting line. That year, Babe Ruth matched up with Torriente, who hit a double that "almost tore my leg off" as per 3B Frankie Frisch. Cristobal homered three times against George Kelly, not normally a pitcher. The Los Angeles Times gave him the nickname "The Cuban Babe Ruth." He hit .350 in the winterball season, second-best, in a reduced season.

1921 was another great year - 6-1 with a .346 average and 11 triples (third in the NNL) as per Holway and .324/~.418/.547 according to the recent research. He hit .351 in the CWL, second to Bernardo Baro. In '22, he hit .393 (as per Holway) or .325/~.418/.548 according to the latest research, an almost identical repeat of a year prior. In Cuban winter play, he won the second-half batting title (.377). In the 1923 NNL season, the 29-year-old hit .387/.471/.556. He was second to Heavy Johnson in average, fourth in slugging, led the NNL in OBP, tied for third in doubles (22) and was third in walks (44, 5 behind Oscar Charleston and Hurley McNair). Bear in mind that Cristobal was still stuck in a pitcher's park. He was 1 for 6 in exhibitions that year against the Detroit Tigers.

Torriente hit .380 in the 1923-24 winter ball season, second to Alejandro Oms and ahead of four future Hall-of-Famers. With Chicago, Holway lists him tied for third in the NNL in homers (9), fourth in doubles (22), second in steals (15, trailing Dave Malarcher) and with a .333 average. Recent data says he hit .351/~.449/.581. He finished fourth in Cuba in average that wihnter (.344), his worst in five years. Returning to Chicago, his struggles continued - .241 in Holway's book, .264/~.377/.438 in the most recent statistics, indicating that his primary value lay in his walks (54 in 89 games).

In 1926, after an off-year and due to problems with a love of Chicago's nightlife, he was dealt to the Kansas City Monarchs. He quit the team for a spell due to a dispute with the owner over a lost diamond ring (Torriente loved jewelry). He still had a fine year - .371 (tied for 4th in average with Willie Wells) and 18 doubles (5th) according to Holway and .354/~.425/.495 according to the recent data compiled by the Hall of Fame's researchers.

Due to his disagreements with the administration of the Monarchs, he moved in 1927 to the Detroit Stars, where he hit .326 (Holway) or .315/~.387/.445 (recent data). In '28, Torriente batted .333 (Holway) or .324/~.348/.468 (HoF data). At age 35, he moved on to minor clubs like Gilkerson's Union Giants, the Atlanta Black Crackers and Cleveland Cubs (.268/~.288/.366 in 1932, his final year).

Cristobal declined into alcoholism and poverty after that and died in 1938 of tuberculosis. His body was returned to Cuba for burial. He was one of the initial selections for the Cuban Baseball Hall of Fame in 1939 but did not reach enshrinmenet in the Hall of Fame until the 2006 Special Committee on the Negro Leagues Election selected him.

Overall, Torriente hit .352 in Cuba, .339 in the Negro Leagues and .313 in exhibitions against white big-leaguers as per James Riley, .336 in the Negro Leagues and .436 against white-big leaguers as per John Holway and .339/~.419/.517 in the Negro Leagues from 1920-32 as per the recent Hall of Fame research.

 Negro Leagues Career Statistics

Year Team League G AB R H 2B 3B HR RBI SB BB BA SLG
1920 Chicago American Giants NNL 50 192 29 83 18 7 4 24 7 19 .432 .661
1921 Chicago American Giants NNL 54 179 36 58 5 10 5 29 12 29 .324 .547
1922 Chicago American Giants NNL 37 126 35 41 8 1 6 19 8 20 .325 .548
1923 Chicago American Giants NNL 74 261 69 101 22 5 4 63 12 44 .387 .556
1924 Chicago American Giants NNL 71 248 56 87 24 6 7 78 11 42 .351 .581
1925 Chicago American Giants NNL 89 299 47 79 11 7 9 27 5 54 .264 .438
1926 Kansas City Monarchs NNL 79 291 50 103 19 5 4 31 12 36 .354 .495
1927 Detroit Stars NNL 80 292 31 92 16 2 6 31 5 34 .315 .445
1928 Detroit Stars NNL 37 111 14 36 7 3 1 5 2 4 .324 .468
1932 Cleveland Cubs EWL 10 41 1 11 2 1 0 2 6 1 .268 .366
Total 10 seasons 581 2040 368 691 132 47 46 309 80 283 .339 .517
per 162 g 3.59 162 569 103 193 37 13 13 86 22 79

Source: Committee on African-American Baseball

 Primary sources

 Related Sites

Hall of Fame Bio

By BR Bullpen

Cristobal Torriente, Negro Leagues


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