The Mitchell Report 89
The List of Major League Baseball players named in the Mitchell Report includes active and former Major League players as well as free agents. The Mitchell Report is the result of former US Senator George J. Mitchell's (D-ME) 20-month investigation into performance-enhancing drug use in Major League Baseball (MLB). It was released December 13, 2007.
The following is a list of the Major League Baseball players named in the Mitchell Report. Inclusion on the list does not necessarily mean the player was involved in illegal activity. In some instances, insufficient evidence was provided to draw a conclusion, and some players were mentioned in other contexts.
The Mitchell Report also stated that interviews were requested of five MLB players who had spoken out publicly on the steroid issue. Of these players, only one, Frank Thomas, was willing to be interviewed. The Mitchell Report stated that there was no evidence that any of these five had used performance-enhancing drugs. Curt Schilling, one of the four players who declined to interview with Mitchell, explained that he denied Mitchell's request because he “would have nothing to offer” Mitchell’s investigation “other than personal opinion and hypotheticals.”
Jason Giambi was required to interview with Mitchell and his investigators by Commissioner Bud Selig under threat of discipline. This stemmed from Giambi's ongoing involvement with the BALCO investigation and statements he had given to the media.
Implicated in the BALCO Scandal (9)
Major League players that were active at the time of the report are listed in bold italics.
|Player||Mitchell Report allegation||Post-report player response||Type of PED||Career status following report|
|Marvin Benard||IRS agent Jeff Novitzky's interview with Greg Anderson, show that Anderson named Bernard as one of his 'little guys' using steroids and HGH. During the BALCO raid, vice president, Jim Valente told Novitzky that Bernard was one of many players receiving the undectable drugs||"After [Dusty] Baker learned of the allegations, he asked Benard if they were true. According to Baker, Benard admitted he had used steroids previously but said that he had stopped."||The Clear, The Cream||Last played in 2003.|
Testifying before the BALCO Grand Jury, Bonds admitted to using two substances believed to be undetectable steroids from BALCO. He testified that he believed The Cream was an arthritis balm and the THG was flaxseed oil.
Bonds testimoney was leaked to San Francisco Chronicle. The book Game of Shadows detailed his use.
Bonds was eventually indicted for perjury and obstruction of justice. On December 15, 2011, Bonds was sentenced to 30 days of house arrest, two years of probation and 250 hours of community service, for an obstruction of justice conviction stemming from a grand jury appearance in 2003. However, U.S. District Judge Susan Illston then delayed the sentence pending an appeal, which may take a year or more.
"I never asked Greg. When he said it was flaxseed oil, I just said, whatever."
Peter Magowan said in an interview that during a phone conversation he once asked Barry Bonds if he took steroids. Bonds replied that he used a substance for sleeping problems and arthritis. Magowan says Bonds claimed he did not try to hide his use of the substance from the rest of his team.
|HGH, The Clear, The Cream||Did not play in Major leagues following 2007 season. Read more about - Bonds Perjury Case|
Estalella admitted to using undetectable BALCO drugs and HGH provided by Greg Anderson.
His testimoney was leaked to San Francisco Chronicle. The book Game of Shadows detailed his use.
|Ellen Harrigan, an administrator in the Dodgers' scouting department, kept notes of a Dodgers meeting to discuss the possible signing of Estalella. Among the comments she recorded was an observation by one of the participants that Estalella was a "poster boy for the chemicals."||HGH, The Clear, The Cream||Last played in 2004. Agreed to testify against Barry Bonds.|
In 2002, Greg Anderson, Jason Giambi's personal trainer, arranged a blood test for Giambi in which the player tested positive for Deca-Durabolin. Anderson warned Giambi to stop using that substance because it remains detectable long after use. He suggested an alternative regimen of performance-enhancing drugs that, if followed, would never be detected by the MLB's tests, which were to begin in 2003.
His confidential testimony was leaked to the San Fransisco Chronicle; excerpts were published in a Dec. 2, 2004 article entitled Giambi admitted taking steroids.
|"I was wrong for doing that stuff. What we should have done a long time ago was stand up -- players, ownership, everybody -- and said: 'We made a mistake.'"||HGH, The Clear, The Cream, Deca-Durabolin, Injectable Testosterone||Has continued playing, currently for the Rockies.|
|Jeremy Giambi||Jeremy Giambi told the Kansas City Star that he used steroids while in MLB, and apologized.||HGH, The Clear, The Cream, Deca-Durabolin, Injectable Testosterone||Last played in 2003. Plans to testify against Barry Bonds|
|Armando Ríos||Ríos was included in a client list that Victor Conte gave to federal agents following a raid on his BALCO establishment.||Last played in 2003.|
|Benito Santiago||In 2003, a Giants clubhouse attendant found syringes in Santiago’s locker. He brought them to Stan Conte, the Giants' trainer, who replied saying he "would take care of it". The attendant recalled that assistant trainer Dave Groeschner also was present at the time.||Last played in 2005.|
|Gary Sheffield||A Sheffield FedEx receipt to BALCO in February 2003 was cited by federal agents for their search warrant on Greg Anderson’s condominium.||Last played in 2009.|
|Randy Velarde||Velarde admitted through his lawyer that he obtained performance-enhancing substances from Greg Anderson in 2003.||Last played in 2002.|
Identified as clients of Kirk Radomski (53)
Major League players that were active at the time of the report are listed in bold italics. If a player responded to allegations after the release of the report, their response appears in the last column, "Post-report player response".
|Player||Mitchell Report allegation||Post-report player response|
|Chad Allen||Admitted to purchasing Winstrol from Radomski and using it during the 2003 off-season in order to accelerate his recovery from a knee injury.||"I think a lot of people were surprised to see my name... I made a mistake. I know I am going to pay for it. I did something wrong five years ago out of stupidity. If somebody holds that against me, it is their decision. But I certainly wasn't going to lie."|
|Mike Bell||Admitted to purchasing one human growth hormone kit from Radomski and using "most of it", during the 2003 off-season.||"I'm glad all this stuff came out, and I can move on and concentrate on next year." "I have a chance to show people that I made a mistake. Things are tough at times, but you just gotta persevere through it. I can't take back what I did, but I can turn it into a positive." "I don't think this defines who I am."|
|Gary Bennett||Made one purchase of two kits of human growth hormone from Radomski. Radomski provided a check to Mitchell which showed the $3,200 transaction. Bennett declined interview.||Bennett admitted to using HGH in 2003 to heal from a knee injury.|
|Larry Bigbie||Admitted to purchasing and using a variety of performance-enhancing substances from Radomski from 2001 to 2005, including human growth hormone, Deca-Durabolin, Sustanon, testosterone, and anti-estrogen drugs.|
|Kevin Brown||Purchased human growth hormone and Deca-Durabolin from Radomski. Radomski provided to Mitchell the overnight shipping parcels Brown used to send him cash payments. Brown declined interview.|
|Mark Carreon||Radomski claimed he sold Dianabol pills to Carreon in 1996, but was unable to produce evidence of any transactions. Carreon did not respond to requests for interview.||"Regarding the Mitchell Report, the following is true - towards the end of my 18-year career, regretfully on one occasion I experimented with a performance-enhancing substance, however, the remaining 17 years were unscathed by this one error in judgment. One point that should be made. I received a certified letter requesting my response to these allegations merely 24 hours prior to the release, leaving little time to act. Meanwhile, here in the present, I support the challenge that lay before the Players Association, current players and owners in restoring the great game of baseball."|
|Jason Christiansen||Purchased one human growth hormone kit from Radomski in 2002. Radomski provided a check to Mitchell showing the $1,600 transaction. Christiansen did not respond to requests for interview.|
|Howie Clark||Radomski claimed he sold Clark four or five kits of human growth hormone and provided two money orders showing a $1,200 total transaction for one of the purchases. Clark declined interview.|
|Roger Clemens||Interviews with José Canseco and trainer Brian McNamee stated that Clemens used human growth hormone, Deca-Durabolin, Winstrol, Sustanon, and possibly Anadrol, during the 1998, 2000, and 2001 MLB seasons, some of which he obtained through McNamee from Radomski. Radomski corroborated these allegations as far as to say that he sold performance-enhancing drugs to McNamee in amounts that were clearly for redistribution. Clemens declined interview.||On December 18, Clemens (through his agent) denied taking steroids, human growth hormone, or any other banned substance(s) in his life. He stated that his opinion of such substances were "a dangerous and destructive shortcut that no athlete should ever take." Clemens said he would publicly address all of Mitchell's questions at the appropriate time.
On December 23, Clemens issued an unconditional denial through YouTube.
Clemens told his side of the story in an interview on CBS' "60 Minutes" that aired on January 6, 2008. Furthermore, Clemens' attorney's law firm is conducting its own investigation into the allegations. On the night that the 60 Minutes interview aired, Clemens filed a defamation suit against McNamee in a Texas state court, and one of McNamee's attorneys responded by saying that McNamee would likely countersue in New York.
|Jack Cust||Larry Bigbie claimed that Cust told him he tried steroids and had a source that could procure anything he wanted. Cust declined interview.||In an interview on January 27, 2008 with Bay Area media, Cust denied ever using performance enhancing drugs. "No. No. Not even one game". "He [Larry Bigbie] was a teammate of mine five years ago and we haven't talked since. I don't remember any conversations about [steroids]. He might have misinterpreted something I said, but I don't remember anything".|
|Brendan Donnelly||Radomski claimed he sold Deca-Durabolin to Donnelly on one occasion for $250 to $300. Donnelly declined interview.||Donnelly admits contacting Radomski in 2004 regarding Anavar, hoping it would help him recover from injuries faster. But Donnelly denied ever buying or using the drug because he was made aware that it was considered a steroid.|
|Chris Donnels||Admitted to purchasing steroids and human growth hormone from Radomski. Radomski provided a number of checks from Donnels totaling $9,950.|
|Lenny Dykstra||Radomski claimed he sold Deca-Durabolin, Dianabol and testosterone to Dykstra after the 1993 season. After 2000, Dykstra reportedly discussed his past steroid use with the Commissioner's Office. Dykstra declined interview.|
|Matt Franco||Radomski claimed that he provided steroids for Franco in 2000. In a telephone interview with Mitchell, Franco denied ordering steroids or even knowing Radomski.|
|Ryan Franklin||Radomski claimed that Franklin purchased Anavar and Deca-Durabolin from him through another Radomski client and then-Mariners teammate, Ron Villone. Franklin was suspended for ten games in May 2005 for testing positive for steroids. Franklin declined interview.|
|Éric Gagné||Radomski claimed he sold Gagné two kits of human growth hormone. Radomski provided a shipping receipt of a package Radomski sent to Gagné. The report also details that the Dodgers and Red Sox were aware of Gagné's possible use of performance-enhancing drugs. Gagné declined interview.|
|Jason Grimsley||Purchased human growth hormone, Deca-Durabolin, and diet pills from Radomski from 2000 through 2005. Radomski produced fourteen checks and cashier's checks showing the transactions, which totaled $35,400.|
|Jerry Hairston, Jr.||A DEA investigation showed that Hairston received performance-enhancing substances from Ana Maria Santi, who later pled guilty to charges of illegally prescribing performance-enhancing drugs. Records indicate that Hairston received shipments of Genotropin (human growth hormone), hCG, and clomiphene citrate in May 2004. Hairston denied these allegations. Radomski provided a check from Hairston that he claims was for human growth hormone. Hairston declined interview.|
|Matt Herges||Radomski provided a check from Herges for $3,240 that he claims was for two kits of human growth hormone. Herges declined interview.||On February 13, 2008, Herges admitted to his HGH usage and apologized for it.|
|Phil Hiatt||Radomski claimed he sold Hiatt human growth hormone and Deca-Durabolin two or three times. Hiatt declined interview.|
|Glenallen Hill||Purchased human growth hormone from Radomski in 2001. Radomski provided a check showing the $3,200 transaction. Hill, as a current employee of a ball club, was required to consent to an interview, in which he admitted to purchasing Sustanon from Radomski. Hill denied ever using the materials he purchased.||On February 13, 2008, Hill admitted to his use of performance-enhancing substances late in his career and subsequently apologized for using them.|
|Todd Hundley||Radomski claimed he sold Deca-Durabolin and testosterone to Hundley on three or four occasions, and the player's contact information was found in his address book. Chris Donnels confirmed that Hundley discussed his use of performance-enhancing drugs with him. Hundley declined interview.|
|David Justice||Radomski claimed he sold two or three kits of human growth hormone to Justice. Brian McNamee confirmed that Justice admitted to him that he obtained human growth hormone from Radomski. In an interview prior to the surfacing of these allegations, Justice denied having used performance enhancing drugs. After the allegations, Justice did not respond to requests for interview.||After the Mitchell Report report was released, Justice appeared on ESPN Radio's The Herd, and stated that McNamee encouraged him to use human growth hormone in 2000, but he declined, saying he did not like needles. Justice also stated that he had never met Radomski. He also appeared on The Michael Kay Show on 1050 ESPN New York and claimed he never received any requests to be interviewed before the report was released, possibly due to the fact that he had switched cell phone numbers a few times since initially speaking to Mitchell investigators.|
|Chuck Knoblauch||Brian McNamee claimed he obtained human growth hormone from Radomski, which he provided and injected Knoblauch with seven to nine times. Knoblauch paid Radomski through Jason Grimsley and McNamee. Knoblauch declined interview.||On January 11, 2008, Knoblauch made his first public statement about his inclusion in the Mitchell Report. As he has been retired for 5 years, he expressed "bewilderment at his inclusion" in the report and stated that "I have nothing to defend and I have nothing to hide at the same time."
Later he did admitted to using HGH: "I did HGH. It didn't help me out. It didn't make me any better. I had the worst years of my career from a batting average standpoint. And I got hurt. So there was no good that came out of it for me -- it was not performance-enhancing for me."
|Tim Laker||As a current ball club employee, Laker was required to consent to an interview, in which he admitted to purchasing Deca-Durabolin and testosterone from Radomski from 1995 to 1999.||In March 2008, Laker admitted regretting his decision to take performance enhancing drugs stating "I made a poor decision, a mistake, and all I can do is ask for forgiveness and move on."|
|Mike Lansing||Purchased testosterone and one kit of human growth hormone from Radomski. Radomski provided two money orders showing the $2,000 total transaction. Lansing declined interview.|
|Paul Lo Duca||Purchased six kits of human growth hormone from Radomski. Radomski provided three checks showing transactions of $3,200 each, which Radomski says were each for two kits of human growth hormone. Lo Duca declined interview.|
|Nook Logan||Radomski claimed he sold one kit of human growth hormone to Logan in 2005, after a referral from Rondell White. Logan declined interview.|
|Josias Manzanillo||Radomski claimed he injected Manzanillo with Deca-Durabolin while with the New York Mets. He denied ever selling steroids to Manzanillo. Manzanillo, in a statement submitted to Mitchell, admitted to making one purchase of steroids from Radomski, but denied ever using them.|
|Cody McKay||Radomski claimed he sold steroids to McKay on at least two occasions. McKay declined interview.|
|Kent Mercker||Radomski claimed he sold human growth hormone to Mercker in 2002. Radomski provided a check from Mercker for $1,600 and a shipping receipt. Mercker declined interview.|
|Bart Miadich||Radomski claimed he frequently sold small quantities of testosterone and Winstrol to Miadich from 2002 through 2005, after a referral from Adam Riggs. In his interview with Mitchell, Chad Allen stated that Miadich frequently suffered from "roid rage". Miadich did not reply to interview requests.|
|Hal Morris||Radomski claimed he sold Deca-Durabolin and testosterone to Morris in 1999. Morris, in a statement submitted to Mitchell, denied ever using performance-enhancing drugs.|
|Denny Neagle||Radomski claimed he sold human growth hormone and steroids to Neagle five or six times between 2000 and 2004. Radomski produced eight checks that were either from Neagle or he claimed were sent to him on Neagle's behalf. Neagle declined interview.|
|Jim Parque||Radomski claimed that he twice sold human growth hormone to Parque and once "check(ed) out" a sample of Winstrol sent to him by Parque. Radomski produced two checks from Parque totalling $4,800. Parque declined interview.||In an Chicago Sun-Times interview that took place on July, 2009, Parque admitted using HGH, as he explained that ""With my career in jeopardy, I turned to performance-enhancing drugs, like some other players did," Parque wrote for the Sun-Times. "I never had needed them before, but with a shoulder that wouldn't heal, it was realistically the only thing I could turn to.".
|Andy Pettitte||Brian McNamee, who obtained performance-enhancing drugs from Radomski, claimed that he provided Pettitte with human growth hormone in 2002. He also claimed that he injected Pettitte with HGH two to four times while assisting Pettitte with his rehabilitation from an elbow injury. Pettitte declined interview.||After the Mitchell Report was made public, Pettitte released a statement admitting his use of human growth hormone on two occasions in 2002, which he says was only intended to accelerate his recovery from an elbow injury.|
|Adam Piatt||Admitted to purchasing human growth hormone and testosterone from Radomski in 2002 and 2003. Radomski produced eight checks from Piatt totaling $11,550.|
|Todd Pratt||Radomski claimed he sold steroids to Pratt once or twice in 2000 or 2001. Pratt did not respond to interview requests.|
|Stephen Randolph||Radomski claimed he sold human growth hormone to Randolph in 2003 or 2004. Randolph declined interview.|
|Adam Riggs||Radomski claimed he sold human growth hormone, clenbuterol, and Winstrol to Riggs from 2003 to 2005. Radomski produced four checks totaling $1,150 and one check whose amount was illegible. Riggs, in a letter from his lawyer, stated that he never tested positive for performance-enhancing drugs.|
|Brian Roberts||Larry Bigbie stated that Roberts admitted to him that he used steroids. Roberts declined interview.||In an interview with the Baltimore Sun, Roberts admitted to once using steroids in 2003. He stated that it was a "terrible decision" and claimed he has not used performance-enhancing drugs since.|
|F.P. Santangelo||Radomski claimed he sold one kit of human growth hormone to Santangelo in 2000. Radomski produced one check showing the $1,400 transaction. Radomski also claims to have sold Deca-Durabolin and testosterone to Santangelo in 2001. Adam Piatt also stated that Santangelo provided Piatt with Radomski's contact information when Piatt asked where he could get performance-enhancing substances. Santangelo declined interview.||After the Mitchell Report was made public, Santangelo admitted to using human growth hormone. He denied ever using or purchasing steroids from Radomski.|
|David Segui||Radomski claimed he sold Deca-Durabolin to Segui. Radomski produced six checks showing the transactions. Radomski also claimed that Segui was receiving human growth hormone from a doctor in Florida because of a growth hormone deficiency. Segui, in a telephone interview with Mitchell, acknowledged his relationship with Radomski, and declined to be interviewed in person. He also made his use of the substances public in a statement to ESPN in 2006.|
|Mike Stanton||Radomski claimed he met Stanton around 2001 and then sold him three kits of human growth hormone in 2003, which he either mailed to the player or dropped off at his locker. Stanton declined interview.||After the Mitchell Report was made public, Stanton released a statement flatly denying his purchase of human growth hormone. "I've done absolutely nothing wrong," Stanton told MLB.com in a statement by phone. "I've never met Radomski and couldn't even pick him out of a lineup. The reports are outrageous and unfair."|
|Miguel Tejada||During his interview with Mitchell, Adam Piatt claimed that he obtained Deca-Durabolin or testosterone, as well as human growth hormone from Radomski for Tejada. Piatt produced checks from Tejada totalling $6,300. Radomski confirmed the sale to Piatt and claimed that Piatt said the purchases were for Tejada, but Radomski stated that he never sold directly to Tejada. Tejada declined interview.|
|Mo Vaughn||Radomski claimed he sold human growth hormone to Vaughn, for which Radomski produced three checks totaling $8,600. Vaughn declined interview.|
|Ron Villone||Radomski claimed he sold six kits of human growth hormone to Villone from 2004–2005. Villone's contact information was found in Radomski's address book. Villone declined interview.|
|Fernando Viña||Radomski claimed he sold human growth hormone, Winstrol, and Deca-Durabolin to Viña from 2000–2005. Radomski produced three checks showing some of the transactions. Viña did not respond to interview requests.||In an ESPN interview that took place on December 17, 2007, Viña admitted using HGH in 2003 to heal injuries, as he explained that "everything rehabbing" did not work and he was "desperate". Viña feels "embarrassed", and denies any claims of buying steroids from Radomski.|
|Rondell White||Radomski claimed he sold human growth hormone and Deca-Durabolin to White from 2000 to at least 2005. Radomski provided seven checks showing some of the transactions. White declined interview.|
|Jeff Williams||Radomski claimed he sold Anavar and Dianabol to Williams in 2004. Radomski produced a check from Williams for $1,820. Williams did not respond to interview requests.||According to Hanshin Tigers club president Nobuo Minami "He (Williams) flatly denied the use of any banned substances and said he is ready to accept fresh checkups at any time."|
|Todd Williams||Radomski claimed he sold Winstrol to Williams once in 2001. Williams did not respond to interview requests.|
|Kevin Young||Radomski claimed he sold human growth hormone to Young multiple times between 2000 and 2003. Young did not respond to interview requests.|
|Gregg Zaun||Radomski claimed he sold Deca-Durabolin and Winstrol to Zaun in 2001, after a referral from Jason Grimsley. Radomski produced a check from Zaun for $500. Mitchell also explained that former Montreal Expos bullpen catcher Luis Perez claimed to have supplied Zaun with steroids in 2002. Zaun declined interview.|
Mentioned in connection to Signature Pharmacy (16)
Eight current major league players and eight former major league players were mentioned in the media as purchasers of performance enhancing drugs from Signature Pharmacy and several rejuvenation centers. Several online pharmacies (Signature Pharmacy being one of them), anti-aging clinics and doctors that have issued prescriptions for performance-enhancing drugs have been under investigation by federal and state authorities. Mitchell requested the 16 players interview with him, but only José Canseco accepted his offer.
Major League players that were active at the time of the report are listed in bold italics.
|Player||Mitchell Report allegation||Post-report player response|
|Rick Ankiel||In a September 2007 article, the New York Daily News reported that Ankiel received eight shipments of human growth hormone from Signature Pharmacy in 2004. According to the article, Ankiel received a prescription from a doctor at a Florida anti-aging clinic. In September 2007, Ankiel admitted to using HGH, though claimed that he did so legally under a doctor's care. Ankiel met with the Commissioner's Office regarding this situation, and Commissioner Bud Selig did not impose any discipline.|
|David Bell||In a March 2007 article, Sports Illustrated reported that Bell received six shipments of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) in 2005 from Applied Pharmacy Services of Alabama. According to the article, Bell received a prescription from an Arizona anti-aging clinic. Bell acknowledged to SI that he received the hCG and stated that they were issued under a valid prescription.|
|Paul Byrd||In an October 2007 article, the San Francisco Chronicle reported that Byrd had received at least thirteen shipments of human growth hormone between 2002 and 2005 worth approximately $25,000 from a Florida anti-aging clinic. In response to the article, which was printed the same day that Byrd and the Cleveland Indians played the Boston Red Sox in Game 7 of the 2007 American League Championship Series, Byrd stated that the HGH was legally prescribed for a pituitary disorder (it was later discovered that the prescribing doctor was an unlicensed dentist). Byrd also stated that he had notified Major League Baseball of this condition and that he had received permission to use HGH. Major League Baseball denied receiving such notice and stated that MLB has never given a player permission to use HGH.|
|José Canseco||In a March 2007 article, Sports Illustrated reported that Canseco received shipments of human growth hormone, testosterone, stanozolol, human chorionic gonadotropin, and 340 syringes from Applied Pharmacy Services of Alabama. According to the article, Canseco had received a prescription for these materials from a Florida anti-aging clinic. In a telephone interview with Canseco's attorney, Canseco confirmed these purchases to Mitchell.|
|Jay Gibbons||In a September 2007 article, Sports Illustrated reported that Gibbons received several shipments of human growth hormone, testosterone, and human chorionic gonadotropin from Signature Pharmacy from 2003 to 2005. According to the article, Gibbons received a prescription for these materials from a Florida anti-aging clinic. One of Gibbons' prescribing doctors, Ana Maria Santi, pled guilty to federal and state charges of illegally prescribing performance-enhancing drugs. Gibbons met with the Commissioner's Office regarding this situation, and Commissioner Bud Selig suspended Gibbons for the first 15 days of the 2008 season. After receiving the suspension, Gibbons acknowledged and apologized for his use of performance-enhancing drugs.|
|Troy Glaus||In a September 2007 article, Sports Illustrated reported that Glaus received shipments of nandrolone and testosterone from Signature Pharmacy from 2003 to 2004. According to the article, Glaus had received a prescription for these materials from a California anti-aging clinic. One of Glaus' prescribing doctors, Ramon Scruggs, had his medical license suspended for making illegal prescriptions. Glaus met with the Commissioner's Office regarding this situation, and Commissioner Bud Selig did not impose any discipline.|
|Jason Grimsley||Grimsley was identified during a federal investigation as a Signature Pharmacy customer who had received human growth hormone. After a raid on his home, Grimsley has cooperated with federal investegators. Grimsley indicated to investegators that he was referred to a Florida anti-aging clinic by former teammate David Segui.|
|José Guillén||In a November 2007 article, the San Francisco Chronicle reported that Guillén had received numerous shipments of human growth hormone, testosterone, nandrolone, stanozolol, clomiphene, Novarel (a brand of hCG) and syringes between 2002 and 2005 from a Florida anti-aging clinic. According to the article, at least one of Guillén's prescriptions was issued by the same unlicensed dentist that prescribed HGH to Paul Byrd. Guillén met with the Commissioner's Office regarding this situation, and Commissioner Bud Selig suspended Guillén for the first 15 days of the 2008 season. Guillén has since appealed his suspension.|
|Jerry Hairston, Jr.||A DEA investigation showed that Hairston received performance-enhancing substances from Applied Pharmacy in Alabama. The prescribing doctor, Ana Maria Santi, later pled guilty to federal and state charges of illegally prescribing performance-enhancing drugs. Records indicate that Hairston received shipments of Genotropin (human growth hormone), human chorionic gonadotropin, and clomiphene citrate in May 2004. Hairston denied these allegations.|
|Darren Holmes||In a March 2007 article, Sports Illustrated reported that Holmes received a shipment of human growth hormone and testosterone in 2003 from a Florida anti-aginc clinic. Holmes admitted purchasing the HGH and stated that while he received the testosterone, he did not order it. Holmes also denied ever using the HGH.|
|Gary Matthews, Jr.||In a February 2007 article, the Albany Times Union reported that Matthews received a shipment of human growth hormone in 2004 from Applied Pharmacy Services of Alabama. According to the article, Matthews received a prescription from a Florida anti-aging clinic. After the article's release, Matthews denied ever using HGH. Chad Allen, during his interview with Mitchell, claimed that he had found unused syringes after Matthews had moved out of Allen's Dallas apartment. Allen lent the apartment to Matthews during the 2004 season. Matthews met with the Commissioner's Office regarding this situation, and Commissioner Bud Selig did not impose any discipline.|
|John Rocker||In a March 2007 article, Sports Illustrated reported that Rocker received two shipments of human growth hormone in 2003 from Applied Pharmacy Services of Alabama. After an initial denial, Rocker acknowledged that he received the HGH under a valid prescription.|
|Scott Schoeneweis||In October 2007, ESPN reported that Schoeneweis received shipments of steroids, including stanozolol and testosterone from Signature Pharmacy from 2003 to 2004. According to the article, Schoeneweis spent $1,160 on the substances. Schoeneweis' prescribing doctor, Ramon Scruggs (who was also named in the allegations surrounding Troy Glaus), had his medical license suspended for making illegal prescriptions. Schoeneweis met with the Commissioner's Office regarding this situation, and Commissioner Bud Selig did not impose any discipline.|
|Ismael Valdéz||In a November 2007 article, the San Francisco Chronicle reported that Valdéz received a shipments of human growth hormone, Novarel (a brand of hCG), clomiphene and Arimidex in 2002 from a Florida anti-aging clinic. According to the article, Valdéz received a prescription from the same unlicensed dentist implicated in the situations surrounding Paul Byrd, José Guillén and Matt Williams.|
|Matt Williams||In a November 2007 article, the San Francisco Chronicle reported that Williams received shipments of human growth hormone, testosterone, Novarel, clomiphene, nandrolone and syringes in 2002 from a Florida anti-aging clinic. According to the article, Williams received a prescription from the same unlicensed dentist implicated in the situations surrounding Paul Byrd, José Guillén and Ismael Valdéz. According to the article, Williams admitted to being prescribed HGH after undergoing a number of medical tests. He did not address the use or purchase of other steroids and denied knowing the dentist who supplied his prescriptions.|
|Steve Woodard||In a September 2007 article, the New York Daily News reported that Woodard received a shipment of human growth hormone and steroids from a Florida anti-aging clinic. The article did not specify when that shipment occurred.|
Identified through direct interview (2)
Identified through other means (7)
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