- September 15, 1938
- 6' 4"
- 205 lbs
- Major League Debut:
- 4-14-1962 with SFN
- Allstar Selections:
- 1972 CY, 1978 CY
- Hall of Fame:
Gaylord Perry took his act to eight major league clubs, fooling batters with his sinking fastball. His ultimate weapon was his "phantom spitball" that he either threw or alluded to, unnerving enemy hitters, managers, and umpires. He was caught greasing the ball just once in his 22 seasons, but he admitted after his retirement that he threw the ball almost his entire career. Ironically, he refused to rely on the spitter the night he won his 300th game. Perry was the first pitcher to earn the Cy Young Award in both leagues, and he combined with brother Jim to form one of the finest sibling pitching duos in history.
#22 (1962), #28 (1962), #35 (1963), #36 (1963-1983)
"I'd always have grease in at least two places, in case the umpires would ask me to wipe one off. I never wanted to be caught out there with anything though, it wouldn't be professional."
Perry's last job in the rotation was with the Royals in 1983. The next season, the Royals swept away the veterans (in addition to Perry, that included Larry Gura, Paul Splittorff, Steve Renko, and Vida Blue), and brought in talented arms attached to Mark Gubicza, Charlie Leibrandt, Mike Jones, and Danny Jackson.
Winning his first Cy Young award, Perry led the NL in wins (24), and complete games (29). He was second to Luis Tiant by an eyelash in ERA (1.92), and only knuckleballer Wilbur Wood threw more innings than Perry's 342 2/3. The voting for the award was close - Perry edging Wood 64-58.
On May 6, 1982, Gaylord Perry became the 15th pitcher to win 300 games. Pitching in Seattle's Kingdome, Perry defeated the Yankees, 7–3. He gave up nine hits and six walks in becoming the first pitcher to reach the 300-win plateau since Early Wynn in 1963.
Signed as an amateur free agent by San Francisco Giants (June 3, 1958);
Traded by San Francisco Giants with Frank Duffy to Cleveland Indians in exchange for Sam McDowell (November 29, 1971);
Traded by Cleveland Indians to Texas Rangers in exchange for Jim Bibby, Jackie Brown, Rick Waits and $100000 (June 13, 1975);
Traded by Texas Rangers to San Diego Padres in exchange for Dave Tomlin and $125000 (January 25, 1978); Traded by San Diego Padres with Tucker Ashford and Joe Carroll to Texas Rangers in exchange for Willie Montanez (February 15, 1980);
Traded by Texas Rangers to New York Yankees in exchange for Ken Clay and a player to be named later (August 14, 1980);
Texas Rangers received Marvin Thompson (October 1, 1980); Granted free agency (October 23, 1980); Signed by Atlanta Braves (January 12, 1981);
Released by Atlanta Braves (October 5, 1981);
Signed by Seattle Mariners (March 5, 1982);
Released by Seattle Mariners (June 27, 1983); Signed by Kansas City Royals (July 6, 1983).
On January 25, 1978, the Texas Rangers sent Perry to San Diego for pitcher Dave Tomlin and $125,000. Some "experts" at the time chided the Pads for making the deal, citing Perry as over the hill at 38. Tomlin, a 28-year old reliever, never pitched for the Rangers. Perry went 21-6 with a 2.73 ERA to win the NL Cy Young award. He would win 62 games after leaving Texas.
Control. Perry walked more than 90 batters in a season just three times in his long career. And he got better with age - after the age of 35, Perry walked just 2.2 batters per nine innings.
Perry was a terrible hitter, batting .131 in more than 1,000 career at-bats. He did have some pop - he blasted six homers.
On October 1, 1978, when Perry recorded his 3,000th strikeout (the victim was Joe Simpson of the Dodgers), he pitched 10 innings in a game the Padres won, 4-3. Also appearing in that game were future Hall of Famers Rollie Fingers (who relieved Perry and won the game), and Dodger starting pitcher Don Sutton.
On September 17, 1968, Perry pitched a no-hitter, defeating Bob Gibson and the Cardinals, 1-0. Ron Hunt's homer provided the margin... According to Elias Sports Bureau's Rob Tracy, only four pitchers have pitched four straight shutouts in the 40-year expansion era: Cory Lidle (four straight in 2002), Orel Hershiser (five straight in 1988), Luis Tiant (four straight in 1972) and Gaylord Perry (four straight in 1970)... On April 17, 1974, Perry hurled 15 innings against Milwaukee and left the game tied 4-4. The Brewers beat Perry's Indians in the 16th.
Spit and Polish
From 1975 to 1977, two Hall of Fame right-handers, Jim Palmer and Gaylord Perry, faced off three times in dazzling fashion. On June 13, 1975, 36-year old Gaylord Perry, less than three years removed from his 1972 Cy Young award winning season, was traded from the Cleveland Indians to the Texas Rangers in a blockbuster deal. The Rangers sent three pitchers, Jim Bibby, Jackie Brown, Rick Waits AND $100,000 to the Indians for Perry’s services. Perry got off to a rocky start with the Rangers, going 7-6, but he was riding a four game winning streak into a Thursday night, August 21 matchup against Jim Palmer and the Orioles.
Palmer, who would win his second Cy Young Award in 1975 and finish sixth in the MVP voting, was looking for his 20th win that night. The Orioles were in second place in the American League East seven games behind the front running Red Sox. The Rangers were stuck in fourth. Each pitcher excelled over the first three innings. Perry faced one batter over the minimum, with Paul Blair getting picked off after a first inning single, and Ken Singleton being erased after a Jim Northrup double play. Palmer retired the first nine Rangers. Texas began the scoring when Cesar Tovar, who singled, stole second and advanced to third on Dave Duncan’s thowing error, was driven in by Jeff Burroughs for an unearned run. The Orioles answered in their fifth with Hall of Famer Brooks Robinson doubling to right and scoring on a Bobby Grich double.
The back and forth trading of single runs continued in the Rangers’ sixth, and the Orioles’ seventh, with Baltimore’s tally scoring on a Robinson single. That was all of the runs for quite some time. From the seventh inning until the twelfth when he departed, Jim Palmer faced 20 batters over six innings. Perry, keeping pace through the Orioles eleventh, gave up no more runs.
Ultimately, the game was decided by the heroics of another Hall of Famer. Brooks Robinson, who had already contributed to the first two Oriole runs, drove in the deciding run on a double to center off reliever Steve Foucault in the top of the twelfth and scored the fourth and last run when Elrod Hendricks singled to right. The game ended 4-2, with Palmer going 12 innings and giving up one unearned run, while striking out six. Perry, while giving up 13 hits, went 11 innings giving up two runs and also striking out six. Both pitchers ended up with no decisions.
A paltry crowd of 6,418 fans were sitting in Memorial Stadium for a Friday night game between the Rangers and Orioles on August 27, 1976. Once again, the O’s were in second place in the East, this time 11.5 games behind the Yankees. The Rangers were mired in fourth, 19 games in back of the division leading Royals. Perry, looking for win 13, was pitted against Palmer, already at 17 wins on his way to his third Cy Young Award. Al Bumbry scored for the Orioles in the bottom of the first and, for the rest of the game, goose eggs were put on the board, until the bottom of the ninth. Gaylord went eight innings in a complete game loss, walking one and striking out a season high 11 batters. Palmer, also in a complete game performance, went nine innings, walking zero and striking out ten. The 2:36 long contest saw both hurlers at the top of their games for the second time in a row against each other.
The last time Perry would face Palmer as a member of the Rangers came in a nationally televised Game of the Week on Saturday July 23, 1977. For the third year in a row, the Orioles were in second place, this time just ½ game behind the Red Sox. Again the Rangers were in fourth, but closer, at eight games behind of the White Sox. This game was the pinnacle of the three confrontations between the future Hall of Famers. For nine innings, these legendary hurlers shut out their opposition. Perry, two months shy of his 39th birthday, pitched nine scoreless innings, striking out nine, while allowing four hits and three walks. Palmer did even better, going 11 innings striking out nine and walking zero. The game ended in the thirteenth inning, with Mike Hargrove singling in Bump Wills, who had led of the top of the inning with the only extra base hit of the game, a double to center. Again, a no decision was the result of a hard day’s work for the two starting pitchers.
Two future Hall of Famers, three outstanding matchups. In the three head to head duels between Jim Palmer and Gaylord Perry, their stats were:
Perry’s ERA for these games was 1.60, but Palmer’s was a mesmerizing 0.28. Plus, Palmer walked ZERO batters over the equivalent of three-and-a-half games.
— Jeff Katz
Pine Tar Accomplice
The day that George Brett went ballistic after umpires waived off his game-winning homer against the Yankees, Perry was on the bench for the Royals. True to his reputation for bending the rules, Perry tried to hide the bat when the umpires came hunting for the pine tar evidence.
A Different Inning, A Different Jersey
In his 300th game victory with the M's on May 6, 1982, Perry wore a different jersey each inning in order to sell them later as memorabilia. With this action, he proved to be years ahead of the trend that was later followed by Cal Ripken Jr. and Tony Gwynn in historic games.
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