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Schoolboy Rowe

Schoolboy Rowe

Position(s):
P
Born:
January 11, 1910
Bats:
Right
Throws:
Right
Height:
6' 4"
Weight:
210 lbs
Major League Debut:
4-15-1933 with DET

A slim right-hander raised in Arkansas, Lynwood "Schoolboy" Rowe won 24 games in his second season in the major leagues, helping the Detroit Tigers to the 1934 pennant. He enjoyed two more fine seasons before arm trouble curtailed his promising career at the age of 27. He made a comeback and put up some decent numbers for Detroit and later the Phillies during the early 1940s, before losing two years to service in World War II. He retired with a fine .610 winning percentage and 158 victories.

Early years (1925-1933)

Born in Waco, Texas, the 6'4", Rowe was an all-around athlete, competing in tennis, golf, and football, as well as baseball. He received his nickname, "Schoolboy," while playing on a men's team as a fifteen-year-old high school student. In 1932, Rowe played for the Beaumont Exporters in the Texas League, leading the league with a 2.34 ERA and winning 19 games. The 1932 Exporters won 100 games and the Texas League championship, with Rowe pitching and future Detroit Tigers teammate Hank Greenberg leading the team in batting. Greenberg and Rowe were both called up to the Tigers in 1933.

The 1934 and 1935 American League pennants

Rowe joined the Tigers in 1933, and the following year won 24 games (a 24-8 record), including an American League record sixteen consecutive wins. In the 1934 World Series against the Cardinals' Gashouse Gang, Rowe was 1-1 in two starts with a 2.95 ERA. In Game 2, Schoolboy pitched a 12-inning complete game, allowing two earned runs, and retiring 22 consecutive batters. In Game 6, Rowe pitched another complete game, allowing four runs, but Paul "Daffy" Dean held the Tigers to only three. Schoolboy finished fourth in the American League's 1934 Most Valuable Player voting behind teammates Mickey Cochrane, who won, and Charlie Gehringer.

Rowe had another strong year in 1935 as the Tigers won their second consecutive American League pennant, going 19-13, with 21 complete games, a league-leading six shutouts, and was selected for the American League All-Star team. Rowe went 1-2 in the 1935 World Series, despite a 2.51 ERA. He was the losing pitcher in the first game, a 3-0 Cubs victory, striking out eight batters, pitching a complete game and allowing only two earned runs. In Game 3, Rowe got the win, pitching four innings in relief. Game 5 was another tough loss, as Schoolboy threw a complete game, allowing two earned runs, as the Tigers lost, 3-1.

Schoolboy had tremendous power and control. In the 1934 and 1935 seasons, he had 149 strikeouts (third in the AL) and 140 strikeouts (second in the AL), respectively. He also led the American League in "Strikeout-to-walk ratio" in both 1934 and 1935 and finished in the top four in the league in "Bases on balls per 9 innings pitched" seven times, including a career and league best 1.31 in 1943.

Rowe also contributed to the Tigers' success in 1934 and 1935 with his hitting. In 1934, he hit for a .303 batting average and had eight doubles, two home runs, and 22 RBIs in 109 at bats. In 1935, he raised his average to .312 with three home runs and 28 RBIs in 109 at bats. In his fifteen seasons in the big leagues, Rowe hit eighteen home runs (14th best in major league history for a pitcher) and 153 RBIs.

"How'm I Doing, Edna?"

With his southern charm and eccentricities, Schoolboy Rowe became a fan favorite in Detroit. He was known as a superstitious player who carried amulets, talismans, and charms in his pockets, always picked up his glove with his left hand and even talked to the ball.

Rowe was loved particularly by female fans for his good looks and public devotion to his high-school sweetheart, Edna Mary Skinner. During a September 13, 1934, nationally broadcast interview on the Eddie Cantor radio show, Rowe asked his fiancee, "How'm I doing, Edna honey?" The line became famous, as Cantor recycled the line over and over on his broadcasts. The incident endeared Schoolboy to women across the country, but led to relentless heckling from fans and opposing players, who enjoyed taunting him with his own words: "How'm I doing, Edna?"

During his 16-game win streak in 1934, a reporter asked him for his secret, and Schoolboy responded that he would "just eat a lot of vittles, climb on that mound, wrap my fingers around the ball and say to it, 'Edna, honey, let's go.'"

Prior to the 1934 World Series, the Detroit News brought Edna to Detroit to write about baseball, Schoolboy, cooking or whatever she pleased. Pictures of Edna and Schoolboy or Edna posing with Babe Ruth were published in the newspapers, as the nation became caught up in the courtship of Schoolboy and Edna. The couple married shortly after the 1934 World Series.
[edit] Middle years (1936-1943)

Rowe continued his dominant pitching in 1936, with a 19-10 record for the Tigers. But in 1937 and 1938, Schoolboy's arm was showing wear, as he was limited to 31 and 21 innings before being sent down to the minor leagues.

In 1939, Rowe returned to the Tigers and, in 1940, he led the American League with an .842 winning percentage—a record of 16-3. His 16 wins, 3.46 ERA, and 138 Adjusted ERA+ (5th in AL) were instrumental in leading the Tigers to the 1940 pennant, and he finished No. 7 in that year's AL Most Valuable Player voting, though he fared badly in the 1940 World Series as he lost two games and had an ERA of 17.18. In Game 2, he gave up 5 runs in 3-1/3 innings, and was knocked out in the first inning of Game 6.

Rowe was sold to Brooklyn on April 30, 1942 and was 1-0 for the Dodgers. In March 1943, he was sold to the Philadelphia Phillies. Schoolboy returned to his old form in 1943, compiling a 14-8 record, a 2.94 ERA, and finishing No. 14 in the National League MVP voting.

The war years (1944-1945)

Schoolboy missed the 1944 and 1945 seasons to wartime service in the U.S. Navy. He was assigned to the Great Lakes Naval Training Station where his former manager, Mickey Cochrane, put together an All-Star baseball team that included Schoolboy, Bob Feller, Johnny Mize and Billy Herman. The 1944 Great Lakes team compiled a 48-2 record, including an 11-1 record against major league teams. Schoolboy played as an outfielder as well as a pitcher and led the Great Lakes team with a .446 batting average.

In one memorable game in August 1944, Schoolboy hit a double, a triple and a home run for the Navy's Great Lakes team, and the local newspaper reported "it was his circuit clout which brought deafening roars from the 6,000 park customers. The 'Schoolboy' teed off on one of 'Slim' DeLion's slow curves and drove the horsehide straight over the center field fence, a tremendous wallop of at least 450 feet."

In September 1944, the Army and Navy staged a military service World Series in Hawaii, billed by locals as the "real World Series," because so many of the best players in baseball were in the service. Schoolboy Rowe pitched for the Navy team that also included Dom DiMaggio and Phil Rizzuto. Admiral Nimitz threw out the first pitch, and Rowe's Navy team swept the first six games and finally won eight while losing two and tying one.

Later years (1946-1961)

After serving two years in World War II, the 36-year-old "Schoolboy" returned to the Phillies in top form. In 1946, Rowe was 11-4, led the league in winning percentage, and had a career-low earned run average of 2.12. Rowe followed with another strong season in 1947, earning a final All-Star nod. He was released by the Phillies after the 1949 season and finished his pitching career in 1950, with San Diego in the Pacific Coast League.

Schoolboy had a career 158-101 record, 913 strikeouts, and a 3.87 ERA. He spent two seasons (1954-55) as the Tigers' pitching coach and later worked as a Tigers scout assigned to cover Arkansas, Louisiana, Mississippi and East Texas.

Rowe died of a heart attack at age 50 on January 8, 1961 in El Dorado, Arkansas.

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