- 1B, OF
- Memphis Bill
- October 30, 1898
- 6' 1"
- 200 lbs
- Major League Debut:
- 9-24-1923 with NY1
- Hall of Fame:
Playing first base in the city of New York from 1925 to 1936 caused Bill Terry to be overshadowed much of the time by Lou Gehrig of the crosstown New York Yankees. Nevertheless, Terry established himself as the National League's finest first baseman during his playing days, and as one of the very best in the history of the senior circuit. The last N.L. player to bat .400, Terry posted a major-league best .352 batting average during the 1930s, topping the .340-mark on six separate occasions. An outstanding fielder as well, the New York Giants first baseman was generally considered to be the top glove man at his position over the course of his career.
Born in Atlanta, Georgia on October 30, 1898, William Harold Terry didn't make his major league debut with the New York Giants until he was almost 26 years of age. Terry got his start in organized ball pitching for a local team in the Georgia-Alabama League in 1915. Sold to Shreveport of the Texas League at the end of the season, he spent the next two years laboring in mediocrity, compiling a record of 14-11 with a 3.00 ERA in 1917, while batting just .231. Not offered a contract at the conclusion of the 1917 campaign, Terry moved to Memphis, where he worked for Standard Oil and played first base for the company's semi-pro baseball team. Terry was discovered almost five years later by New York Giants manager John McGraw on one of the latter's annual trips to Memphis. After being signed by McGraw to a $5,000 annual salary, Terry acquired the nickname "Memphis Bill."
Terry spent most of the 1922 and 1923 seasons tearing up the American Association. But, with future Hall of Famer George Kelly firmly entrenched at first base for the Giants, Terry's road to New York was a slow and arduous one. He finally joined the Giants during the latter stages of the 1923 campaign, batting just .143 for the eventual National League champions. Terry earned a spot on New York's roster the following year, but he was used sparingly, serving primarily as Kelly's back-up at first base and as a pinch-hitter.
Terry gained significant more playing time in 1925, playing in 133 games in his first full season, batting .319, driving in 70 runs, and scoring 75 others. However, splitting his time between first base and the outfield, Terry assumed a part-time role with the team the following year, batting .289 and knocking in 43 runs in only 225 official at-bats. Terry finally supplanted Kelly as New York's starting first baseman in 1927, maintaining a stranglehold on the position for the next nine seasons.
Rise to Prominence:
The lefthanded-hitting Terry was an extremely productive hitter in both 1927 and 1928, surpassing 100 runs batted in and 100 runs scored both seasons, while compiling a .326 batting average each year. Although he was primarily a gap-hitter, stroking line drives into the deep power alleys at the Polo Grounds, Terry also had the ability to pull the ball into the short right field stands at his home ballpark from time to time. Terry hit 20 homers in 1927, before stroking another 17 home runs the following year. He also demonstrated that he was an outstanding fielder. Possessing soft hands and silky moves around the bag, Terry quickly established himself as the senior circuit's top-fielding first baseman. He went on to lead National League first basemen in fielding average twice, double plays three times, putouts and assists five times each, and total chances per-game nine times.
Terry had his finest season to-date in 1929, driving in 117 runs, scoring 103 others, and placing among the league leaders with a .372 batting average and 226 hits, en route to earning a third-place finish in the league MVP voting. He followed that up with a historic performance in 1930, becoming the last National League player to hit over .400. In addition to topping the circuit with a mark of .401, Terry hit 23 home runs, established career highs with 129 runs batted in and 139 runs scored, amassed 15 triples and 39 doubles, and set an all-time N.L. record by accumulating 254 hits. Reflecting back on his memorable season, Terry later said, "To hit .400 you need a great start and you can't have a slump. The year I did it, I was around .410, .412 all season and I was really hitting the ball on the nose."
The senior circuit did not present an official MVP Award at the conclusion of the 1930 season, but Terry was named the "unofficial" winner by The Sporting News, even though Hack Wilson knocked in a major-league record 191 runs for the Chicago Cubs.
Terry continued to excel in each of the next two seasons, finishing a close second in the National League batting race in both 1931 and 1932, with marks of .349 and .350, respectively. He also both knocked in and scored more than 100 runs for the fifth and sixth consecutive seasons, while compiling more than 200 hits for the third and fourth straight times. After leading the league with 20 triples in 1931, Terry hit a career high 28 homers the following year.
Terry's offensive production fell off somewhat after he took over the managerial reins from an ailing John McGraw midway through the 1932 campaign. Yet, he remained a solid offensive performer until he elected to concentrate solely on managing at the end of the 1936 season. After hitting 28 home runs in 1932, Terry never again finished in double-digits in that category. Nor did he ever again drive in as many as 100 runs. But Terry batted well over .300 in each of his four remaining years, compiling averages of .354 in 1934 and .341 in 1935. He ended his playing career with a batting average of .341 – the highest career mark ever posted by a lefthanded hitter in the National League. Terry finished in the top 10 in the league MVP voting a total of six times, representing the senior circuit at first base in each of the first three All-Star games.
After retiring as an active player at the conclusion of the 1936 campaign, Terry continued to manage the Giants until 1941. He posted a record of 823-661 during his managerial career, leading his team to the National League pennant in 1933, 1936, and 1937, and to the world championship in 1933. After retiring from managing, Terry settled in Jacksonville, Florida, where he owned an automobile dealership. He purchased the Jacksonville Braves double-A team in 1958 and served as a member on the Hall of Fame Veterans Committee for several years, after being inducted to Cooperstown himself in 1954. Terry passed away on January 9, 1989, at age 90.
Terry's bluntness and unwillingness to cater to the media as both a player and as a manager may have been at least partly responsible for the lengthy wait he endured before finally being voted in to the Hall of Fame. Another contributing factor might well have been his somewhat rebellious nature. A staunch critic of the baseball establishment, Terry incurred the wrath of owners and media members at different times by speaking out against the manner in which the game was run. Among his more memorable quotes, Terry proclaimed, "Baseball must be a great game to survive the fools who run it." He also stated, "No business in the world has ever made more money with poorer management."
During his Hall of Fame induction speech, Terry quipped, "I don't know what kept me out (of the Hall of Fame), newspapermen or just that you don't want me up here."